Hafler SE240 Power Amplifier Schematic Diagram
For the hordes of Hafler fans out there dying to get a schematic diagram of the SE240 power amplifier, here it is.
This schematic is (obviously) hand drawn based on reverse engineering the circuit board. It shows only the key parts (active signal path) of the right channel, but it’s most of the components of the channel. Input switching and RC network is not shown, and most supply bypass caps are not shown (there aren’t many). All elements of the signal path are shown.
While a few sources found in web searches indicate that the SE240’s circuit is similar to the DH220 kit, which has schematics easily available, it is only partly so. There are quite a few important differences, such as an all-FET input stage with cascode isolation, thermal sensing, input stage switching to support bridged mode operation, and no speaker fuse.
I drew this schematic to diagnose a massive overheating problem which appeared to be due to uncontrolled oscillations (the 10 ohm 5 watt resistor in the speaker output path was smoked). I thought the cause would be a cap in the feedback loop having gone bad, causing loop gain at 180 degree phase to be above 1. In the end, it wasn’t any such cause; it appears that simply having disconnected the power connector and the fuses restored the amp to perfect working order, and it sounds fabulous again.
Key Properties of the SE240 Circuit
Key properties of the SE240 circuit:
- All FET input stage: MOSFET to drive the positive rail, JFET to drive the negative rail. Unfortunately specs for the MOSFETs (2SK163) appear to be impossible to find.
- Cascode-based isolation of input devices from the full rail voltage, and to improve input stage bandwidth
- Thermal sensing and shutoff by reducing bias current of input stage
- Input switching to support mono (bridged) operation (not shown in schematic)
- No speaker protection fuse
- Two high-gain voltage gain stages, followed by two follower-based current gain stages including the output FETs; overall a non-inverting amp
- Low-band gain of 1 (below 0.1 Hz) rising to midband gain of 26.4 at 2.3 Hz
Adjusting the Output Bias Current
While I was in there I adjusted the output stage bias current:
- Turn off and unplug the amp! Remove input and speaker connections
- Remove one of the supply fuses
- Install an ammeter in the fuse’s place (make sure cables are hooked up to ammeter plugs!!)
- Plug in and turn on the amp
- Adjust the bias pot so the ammeter reads 200 mA (I am guessing at this value; I’ve seen people describe settings between 150 and nearly 300 mA). At 200 mA the amp dissipates 26 watts in quiescent mode, which gets it nice and warm but not hot.
- Turn off and unplug amp
- Replace the fuse
I also ordered a set of replacement capacitors for the signal path and bypass caps from Mouser Electronics where I was pleasantly surprised to find all items in stock and at quite good prices, even including Nichicon capacitors. Note the original capacitors are polycarbonate film which is for all practical purposes no longer available (discontinued in 2000), and a good replacement for audio applications is polypropylene film. The complete set cost under $30 including shipping.